Beskydy 2014, 7, 99-106

Effect of differentiated liming on the development of acidity of surface forest soil

Vilém Podrázský

Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 1176, 165 21 Praha 6-Suchdol, Czech Republic

Results obtained during 16 years of the experiment are presented. Extreme site conditions are determined by: 8th vegetation altitudinal zone, podzolic soil and harsh climate – average annual temperature 4 °C, average annual precipitation around 1200 mm. Effects of surface experimental liming were studied on immission clear-cuts in long time period, study area is located on the Velká Deštná locality on the main Orlické hory Mts. range. Research plots were established in spring of 1988, studies of liming effects were performed in the period 1987–2004. On particular plots, 0, 1308, 2826, 3924 and 8478 kg/ha of fine limestone (grain size under 1 mm) was distributed by hands on the soil surface. Results are available for the forestry practice, research has to continue in the future – potential of negative liming impacts is topical here, consisting in humus mineralization and nutrients losses. Maximum effects on the soil reaction were observed in 8–10 years after limestone application at the soil surface (F – horizon) and in the period 10–15 years lower (H, A – horizons). Base saturation dynamics shows the time delay 2–4 years following pH values changes.


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